WHAT IS KNOWLEDGE
In general terms, KNOWLEDGE can be simply defined as:
- information, understanding, or skill that you get from experience or education
- awareness of something : the state of being aware of something
According to Webster’s Dictionary, knowledge is “the fact or condition of knowing something with familiarity gained through experience or association”. In practice, though, there are many possible, equally plausible definitions of knowledge.
SYNONYMS OF KNOWLEDGE
There are some popular words which can be considered as the synonyms of KNOWLEDGE. These are:
- LEARNING: It applies to knowledge acquired especially through formal, often advanced, schooling
- ERUDITION: It strongly implies the acquiring of profound, recondite, or bookish learning
- SCHOLARSHIP: It implies the possession of learning characteristic of the advanced scholar in a specialized field of study or investigation
Thus Knowledge can also be defined as something which applies to facts or ideas acquired by study, investigation, observation, or experience.
KNOWLEDGE has been defined in so many ways that sometimes it is hard to come to a final definition. Over the years, a trend has developed in the philosophical literature and a definition has emerged that has such wide agreement it has come to be known as the “standard definition.” As with most things in philosophy, the definition is controversial and there are plenty who disagree with it. But as these things go, it serves as at least the starting point for studying knowledge.
The definition involves three conditions and philosophers say that when a person meets these three conditions, he can say that he knows something to be true. On the standard definition, when a statement has been made, a person is said to have the knowledge of the stated thing if:
- The person believes that the statement made is true.
- The statement is in fact true.
- The person is justified in believing the statement to be true.